Anno 2017 | Entomologia e Zoologia Sanitarie | Scarica articolo |

Sand flies surveillance is essential for the risk evaluation of emerging infections caused by protozoa of the Leishmania genus and from viruses belonging to the Phlebovirus genus (family Bunyaviridae) the most significant group of viruses transmitted by sand flies. Information on distribution, abundance and population dynamic of the sand flies in the Emilia-Romagna region plain area (around 12,000 km2) have been collected in the frame of the Regional Vector-borne diseases surveillance program, from 2012 to 2016. The data presented document the collections of adult sand flies by the standardized use of CO2 traps in the plain area of the nine
provinces of the region. About 2,600 adult sand flies belonging to six species were identified in a range between 69 to 88 CO2 traps, sampled every two weeks from the end of May to the beginning of October. The commonest and most abundant species were Phlebotomus perfiliewi and Phlebotomus perniciosus. The quali-quantitative analysis of data shows that composition of the sand flies populations in the plain area varied between geographical locations, seasonal period and surveillance years.

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